Plasmid type: mammalian cell expression vector; signaling pathway reporter vector
High copy / low copy: high copy
Cloning method: restrictive endonuclease, polyclonal site
Promoter: CMV IE
Carrier size: 5.3 KB
5'sequencing primers and sequences: --
3'sequencing primers and sequences: --
Carrier label: -
Carrier resistance: kanamycin
Screening markers: neomycin (Neomycin)
Cloned strain: DH5 alpha, HB101
Host cells (lines): conventional cell lines, 293, CV-1, CHO, etc.
Remarks: the pDsRed2-Bid vector is a red fluorescence reporter carrier, which is used to study the signal pathway of apoptosis dependent on Bid.
Stability: transient or stable expression
Composition / inducible type: composition
Virus / non virus: non virus
pDsRed2-Bid is a mammalian expression vector that encodes a fusion of Discosoma sp. red fluorescent protein (DsRed2; 1, 2) and Bid, a member of the Bcl-2 “pro-apoptosis” family (3). Developed for our ApoAlert line, pDsRed2-Bid is designed to help researchers study Bid-dependent apoptosis pathways. Because of its fluorescent label, the Bid-DsRed2 fusion is easily detected by microscopy, allowing researchers to track its movements in response to certain apoptosis inducing agents (e.g., TNF-α).
Bid’s activity is closely tied to its location in the cell. In healthy, non-apoptotic cells, Bid normally resides in the cytosol. But soon after the induction of apoptosis, it translocates to mitochondria, where it stimulates the release of cytochrome c—a key amplification step in the apoptotic cascade (4–7). The translocation is triggered by caspase-8, which, when activated by a death signal, cleaves Bid to produce a 15-kDa C-terminal fragment. The fragment, often referred to as truncated Bid or tBid, transmits the death signal further by translocating to the mitochondria. You can monitor this event visually by expressing Bid as a DsRed2 fusion. Bid-DsRed2, the fusion expressed by this vector, for example, emits red fluorescence—even after truncation—so it can be followed as it moves from the cytosol to the mitochondria. To drive expression of Bid-DsRed2, this vector contains the immediate early promoter of cytomegalovirus (PCMV IE), positioned just upstream of the Bid sequence. A short linker joins the Bid coding sequence to the 5'-end of DsRed2. Farther downstream, the vector contains a pair of SV40 polyadenylation signals, which direct proper processing of the 3'-end of the Bid-DsRed2 mRNA. The vector also contains an SV40 origin for replication in mammalian cells expressing the SV40 T antigen, a pUC origin of replication for propagation in E. coli, and an f1 origin for single-stranded DNA production. A neomycin-resistance cassette (Neor), consisting of the SV40 early promoter, the neomycin/kanamycin resistance gene of Tn5, and polyadenylation signals from the Herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV TK) gene, allows stably transfected eukaryotic cells to be selected using G418 (8). A bacterial promoter upstream of the cassette confers kanamycin resistance (Kanr) to E. coli.
Cells transfected with pDsRed2-Bid constitutively express Bid as an N-terminal fusion to DsRed2. pDsRed2-Bid can be introduced into a variety of mammalian cell lines using any standard transfection method. If required, stable transfectants can be selected using G418 (8).
Propagation in E. coli
Suitable host strains: DH5α, HB101 and other general purpose strains. Single-stranded DNA production requires
a host containing an F plasmid such as JM109 or XL1-Blue.
Selectable marker: plasmid confers resistance to kanamycin (50 μg/ml) to E. coli hosts.
E. coli replication origin: pUC
Copy number: ~500
Plasmid incompatibility group: pMB1/ColE1
Red Fluorescent Protein (DsRed2)
Excitation/Emission Maxima: 558 nm / 583 nm
Send the inquiry to [email protected]